This online atlas was designed as a complement to our historical atlas Periodis Web. That is why it encompasses also Middle East and North Africa, while a large part of Scandinavia is left out. However, in the Countries section, Norway, Sweden and Finland are shown in insets.
The list allows the display of the main mountain ranges of Europe, Middle East and North Africa. The length of each mountain range, its highest summit and altitude were found by comparison of the English, French, German and local versions of Wikipedia, when available. Missing data were completed through specific maps, Encyclopaedia Britannica and Google Earth.
Note that the red altitude bar and the green length bar make it possible to compare several mountain ranges.
Here is a list of the main watercourses of Europe, Middle East and North Africa. You can display the location of the chosen river with its English and local name, its length and outflow as well as the crossed countries. The data are recorded by comparison of the English, Spanish, French, German and local versions of Wikipedia, when available. Missing data were completed through local maps, Encyclopaedia Britannica and Google Earth.
Note that a proportional blue bar indicates the length of each river to facilitate comparisons. However, the length bar of the river Nile would exceed the width of the screen and is not significant.
This list allows to display the location of Europe, Middle East and North Africa main cities with their name in local script and also, in Latin script, their English and the local name, together with their ancient names, their country and the date of their first historical attestation. The first attestation may be either a written document or an archeological evidence.
Moreover, 2010 population estimations are given for each city and surrounding urban agglomeration with proportional red and blue bars. The population data have been calculated by comparison of the Wikipedia local entries with the World Gazetteer (© 2005 by Stefan Helders).
This list allows the display of all European Union countries as well as the surrounding sovereign countries of Europe, Middle East and North Africa. Each country page provides the following information: English and local short form name, English and local long form name, capital city, area, 2010 population estimation and average life expectancy at birth. Green, red and blue proportional bars are facilitating the comparisons of the countries areas, the population numbers and the life expectancies.
The surface of each country is given in square kilometres as it appears in Wikipedia.
Population censuses are not taken regularly and population must be considered as an estimate for 2010. The main source for that is a comparison between the United Nations Population Database and the data available in the French, English, German and local entries of each country in Wikipedia.
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) value is a limited indicator for the standard of living and the Human Development Index (HDI) takes into account GDP and literacy wich is itself strongly correlated to average life expectancy. Moreover it is particularly difficult to have an accurate calculation of the average life expectancy at birth. Thus, we are giving here only the average life expectancy of the inhabitants for each country by groups: more than 80, 75 to 80, 70 to 75 and so on. Our main source is the World Health Organization website and the European Commission Statistics website.
Internationally unrecognized or unclear status entities are listed here separately with their de jure and de facto characteristics.