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Map Legend

Map Legend for Euratlas Periodis Web

Sovereign State (S)
Sovereign or independent state: plain color fill with a brown line for the boundary, name is written in Arial black bold letters. In the gazeteer, each sovereign state is highlighted in red, its possible foreign territories being green.

Independent state

Dependent State (D)
Vassal or dependent entities: plain color fill surrounded by a dotted line whose color indicates the dominant or "owner" state. In the gazeteer, dependent entities are highlighted in green and the map title shows the name of the dominant state in bold green letters.

Dependent state

1st Level Administrative Division
Roman dioceses, Ottoman eyalets, regions etc.: plain color fill bordered by a red line. The names are written in Arial normal dark red bold letters.

1st level administrative division

2nd Level Administrative Division
Province, county, district, circle etc.: plain color with a dotted brown line for the boundary. In Periodis Expert and Basic, the provinces names are mentioned.

2nd level administrative division

Caution: you must zoom in from the main map to display the dependent entities and the provinces borders.

Zoom pointer

Boundary Between 2 States
A continuous brown line marks the border between two sovereign states.


Supra-National Boundary
A purple continuous line marks the boundaries of the Holy Roman Empire and of the European Union.

Supra-national boundary

Important Cities
The towns are indicated by blue dots and blue names. In Periodis Expert and Basic, a great number of medium and small inhabitated places are marked.

Inhabitated place

Peoples and Tribes (P)
Dotted lines mark the not well-known entities and plain color indicate the entities having a beginning of organization.

Peoples and tribes

Uncertain Boundaries
Blurred areas

Uncertain boundaries

Missing data
Lands and territories where data are missing are left blank.

Missing data

Names are written in Latin from AD 1 to AD 500 and in English from AD 600 on. Modern notions such as "borders" or "state" do not correspond to ancient political facts. That is why graduate colors towards white are often used.

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